moral problems and judgments

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moral problems and judgments

1. The branch of philosophy called ethics, also referred to as moral philosophy, helps us to:

Examine and understand the morals of life

Deal with the concept of mortality and with moral problems and judgments

Determine right conduct from wrong conduct

All the above

2.What is the difference between ethics and law?

There is no difference; ethics and law are the same

There is only a slight difference between ethics and law

There are major differences between ethics and law

Legal rights are based in the law and ethical rights are based in moral philosophy, such as ethical principles and rules moral problems and judgments

3.An example of the ethical principle of justice is when the nurse acknowledges the right of individuals to make decisions to live or die based on their decision.

True

False

4.The ethical principle of beneficence is demonstrated by the action taken by an individua to promote good.

True

False

5.The major difference between veracity and fidelity is that veracity refers to one’s commitment to keep promises made: fidelity incorporates the concept that individuals should always tell the truth.

True

False

6.The American jurisprudence system enacts the role of nurses as patient advocates through multiple court decisions, creating an ethical and legal obligation of nurses to serve this role. moral problems and judgments

True

False

7.The two theories of normative ethics are deontological (Greek “duty”) and teleological (Greek “end”).

True

False

8.Nonmaleficence means to do harm.

True

False

9.Civil law is administered between citizens and enforced through the courts as damages or money compensation. Fines and imprisonment are assessed with civil law.

True

False

10.The Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements serves the following purpose:

It is a catalog of duties and obligations required of all healthcare professionals

It is a negotiable ethical standard used by most professions

It is a reflection of society’s commitment to nursing

It is a nonnegotiable ethical obligation of individuals entering the nursing profession

11.What are the primary factors that influence a nurse’s ability to respond to an ethical dilemma. moral problems and judgments

Past experiences with ethics education

The lack of ethical concern

The level of clinical expertise and competence

A and C only

12. The MORAL model is one of the easiest models for ethical decision making and exists to assist nurses in combining an orderly, systematic and objective method. Which is the acronym for the MORAL code?

13.The doctrine of precedent or stare decisis means

Void the decision

Let the decision stand

The situation speaks for itself

None of the choices listed moral problems and judgments

14.The Teri Schiavo case (In re Schivao, 792 So. 2d 551 (2nd DCA 2001) is an example of Therapeutic jurisprudence (the extent to which law and ethics effect the way in which healthcare is delivered) and challenges nurses to consider the outcome of their actions. This landmark case lead to FLA HB-35-E “Terri’s law” that allows the governor to issue a “one-time” stay in certain cases” and the establishment of a living will.

The establishment of a living will

Increased interest in establishing a durable power of attorney

Legal rights of individuals that face a life of limiting catastrophic illness

All of the above

15. Statutory laws are made by the legislative branch of government and are designed to declare command, or prohibit and are generally referred to as statutes.

True

False

16. Moral distress, a major issue in nursing, occurs when two ethical principles compete, and the nurse is unable to provide what is perceived to be the best for the patient. List the three categories of moral distress. moral problems and judgments

17. Mediation is a common approach of the alternate dispute resolution process and involves one or more professional mediators. This process is good for malpractice suits but not good with contract disputes.

True

False

18. Arbitration is more formal than mediation and requires the presence of attorneys and testimony is given under oath. Arbitrators judgments are not legally binding.

True

False

19. A lay witness is one who has direct contact with the case, establishes facts to a case and testifies to those facts, defines to the jury what actually happened and can present both sides. Persons included in this list, include patients, patient’s family, nurses (not named in the lawsuit), and other members of the interdisciplinary team. Lawsuits involving nurses is limited to the awarding of money damages or an injunction to perform or restrain a certain action moral problems and judgments

True

False

20. Lawsuits involving nurses is limited to the awarding of money damages or an injunction to perform or retstraina certain action.

True

False