Dermatologic problems

Dermatologic problems get help at

Dermatologic problems

Case Study, Chapter 61, Management of Patients With Dermatologic problems 1. Mark Penn, a 25-year-old patient, is diagnosed with psoriasis. He presents multiple lesions of red, raised patches of skin covered with silver scales on the elbows, and legs. He has flaky skin lesions of the s hair are flaked off while skin with hair lies beneath the surface of the flaking lesion There are several small lesions on the forchead and cheeks. The fingernail beds are discolored a brownish- back scalp, and large chunks of skin with yellow, pitted, and the edges are separating and breaking off the patient reports that it is embarrassing to wear shorts because people stare, wear a sign that states, nail plate. The talk among themselves, and avoid him. Dermatologic problems He states that he wants to “I have a face; you scratches th sheets or cloth can talk to me.” The patient states that the lesions are itchy and he em at times, making the lesions bleed so he ends up with blood spots on his The shampoo Plus Conditioner, which contains 3% salicylic acid, daily and keep the hair short so the sun may penetrate the scalp. The patient is instructed to soak daily in the tub using Aveeno Oilated Oatmeal Bath, scrub lightly with a soft bath brush, and pat y. After the bath, the patient should apply Lac-Hydrin lotion to the skin to help atient should apply calcipotriene (Dovonex) soften the thick scales. At nighttime, the p lightly to the affected soap and water. The patient should keep his nails trimmed and soak in a bowl of warm water with three capfuls of tar bath oil for 20 minutes. Dermatologic problems After soaking, pat the hands dry, apply a tar moisturizer into each nail, and apply cotton gloves that should be kept on during sleep. The patient is instructed not to use the calcipotriene to the facial lesions. Instead, the patient should use the Lac-Hydrin lotion. The patient is encouraged to use sun exposure to the affected areas and observe for burning. If the skin becomes pink apply a sunscreen with a SPF of 15 or higher to prevent sunburn. (Learning Objective 3) areas and rub it into the skin; then he should wash his hands with a. What is the rationale of the treatments ordered? b. What nursing care should be provided for the patient? Dermatologic problems 2. Edna Jones, a 56-year-old patient, is admitted to the burn unit with the diagnosis of toxic epidermal necrolysis. The patient developed the rapid onset of skin erythema and mucous membranes with large sheets of epidermis being shed, leaving the dermis exposed and painful. There are several painful lesions in her mouth. Her fingernails and toenails fell off as the skin sloughed. The patient had received a sulfonamide and had this reaction. The sulfonamide has been discontinued. (Learning Objective 4) What assessment should the nurse conduct? a. b. What nursing interventions should the nurse provide?Dermatologic problems